C# Array Examples
Arrays are using for store similar data types grouping as a single unit. We can access Array elements by its numeric index. The array indexes start at zero. The default value of numeric array elements are set to zero, and reference elements are set to null .
Declaring and Initializing an Integer Array
array = 10;
array = 20;
array = 30;
array = 40;
In the above code we declare an Integer Array of four elements and assign the value to array index . That means we assign values to array index 0 - 4.
We can retrieve these values from array by using a for loop.
Also we can declare and initialize an array in one statement.
Note that in the above code we did not specify the length of the array so the compiler will do it for us.
How to find the length of an Array ?
We can use array.Length to find the length of an Array.
Declaring and Initializing a String Array
The above C# code declare a string array of 7 strings and assign some values to it.
The above code declare and initialize a string array with values.
We can access the Arrays elements by providing its numerical index, the above statement we access the second value from the week Array.
In the following program , we declare an Array "week" capable of seven String values and assigns the seven values as days in a week . Next step is to retrieve the elements of the Array using a for loop . For finding the end of an Array we used the Length function of Array Object.
An array can be resized with Array.Resize < T > Method , that means We make an array bigger or smaller. Array.Resize < T > Method Changes the number of elements of a one-dimensional array to the specified new size.
Array.Resize < T > - T is the type of the elements of the array.
This method should be used with only one dimensional Array. This method allocates a new array with the specified size, copies elements from the old array to the new one, and then replaces the old array with the new one.
Array.Resize(ref array, 3);
In the above code we resize the array to 3 elements.
How to check if a value exists in an array ?
The following program shows how to find an element from an Array