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C# data validation input box in excel file

The following C# program shows how to embedded a Data Validation Input Messages in an Excel file programmatically.

The following C# source code using Microsoft Excel 12.0 Object Library .In the previous section we saw how to import Microsoft Excel 12.0 Object Library in the C# project .

Create Excel file from CSharp

Data Validation Input Messages is using to embed a message in cells in an Excel Spread Sheet. When we select that cell the message will display . It is very useful for data entry purpose for define the rules for entering data and also we can put a notes about the data in the cell.

The following image shows how a Data Validation Input Message after embedded in an Excel cell.


using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel; 

namespace WindowsApplication1
    public partial class Form1 : Form
        public Form1()

        private void button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
            Excel.Application xlApp ;
            Excel.Workbook xlWorkBook ;
            Excel.Worksheet xlWorkSheet ;
            Excel.Range chartRange ;
            object misValue = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;

            xlApp = new Excel.Application();
            xlWorkBook = xlApp.Workbooks.Add(misValue);
            xlWorkSheet = (Excel.Worksheet)xlWorkBook.Worksheets.get_Item(1);

            chartRange = xlWorkSheet.get_Range ("b2", "e9");
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.Add(Excel.XlDVType.xlValidateInputOnly, Excel.XlDVAlertStyle.xlValidAlertStop, Excel.XlFormatConditionOperator.xlBetween, misValue, misValue);
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.IgnoreBlank = true;
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "B5").FormulaR1C1 = "Click Here to see Notes";
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.InputTitle = "";
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.ErrorTitle = "Error in Title";
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.InputMessage = "Here is the notes embeded - you can enter 255 characters maximum in notes ";
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.ErrorMessage = "Error in Notes";
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.ShowInput = true;
            xlWorkSheet.get_Range("B5", "D5").Validation.ShowError = true; 

            xlWorkBook.SaveAs("", Excel.XlFileFormat.xlWorkbookNormal, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue, Excel.XlSaveAsAccessMode.xlExclusive, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue);
            xlWorkBook.Close(true, misValue, misValue);


            MessageBox.Show("Excel file created , you can find the file c:\\csharp-Excel.xls");

        private void releaseObject(object obj)
                obj = null;
            catch (Exception ex)
                obj = null;
                MessageBox.Show("Exception Occured while releasing object " + ex.ToString());

} (C) 2016    Founded by raps mk
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